Angina — also called angina pectoris — is a term used to describe chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart due to a narrowing or blockage of one or more coronary arteries.
As a symptom of coronary artery disease, angina can be a recurring problem or can come on suddenly.
Because there are many different types of angina, triggers and symptoms can vary depending on which type you have.
Angina is typically described as squeezing, pressure, heaviness, tightness, and pain in your chest. It's typically worse with exertion, and is relieved with rest.
The discomfort can also occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back.
Other symptoms include:
Symptoms of angina in women may vary from those in men, with women often experiencing the following with or without chest pain:
The American Heart Association (AHA) states that being at risk for heart disease, or for coronary microvascular disease, also means you're at risk for angina.
The following are common risk factors for these conditions:
Getting older is also a risk factor. The AHA reports that your risk increases if you're a male older than 45, or a female older than 55.
Treatment for angina aims to reduce your symptoms, as well as lower your risk for heart attack and death.
Treatment options include: